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One of the biggest changes of recent decades is to accurately track the development of our fetus. What does the doctor pay attention to during ultrasound examinations? What does a mother and baby live for?


What is Ultrasound?

The essence of the procedure is that the probe emits sound waves that are absorbed or reciprocated by different tissues. All of this can be done with the help of a computer to display a two-dimensional image. The black shadows of the ultrasound image show the liquid, all other formulas give a more or less bright surface. With 4D technology, the scanners do not scan one but many planes at a glance. Two-dimensional images are converted into 3D by the computer. The fourth dimension is time, because all of this can be seen constantly and in motion. The motion can be stopped numerically and the resulting three-dimensional image can be rotated as desired.
Three ultrasound examinations are being carried out during pregnancy since the change of the new pregnancy care rules in 2014. These are:

First trimester: 11-13

In this case, the doctor asks the mother to appear with a full blister, so that the blister raises the body, so that she can see the baby better. The sonographer lubricates the skin with a non-greasy gel so that the abdomen can move the sensing head more easily.
What can you see then?
The doctor can tell you how much mother is carrying a baby underneath her heart, clarifying the term day. By the end of the 11th week after loading, the limbs develop, the abdominal wall closes, and so can their major abnormalities (malformation), as well as chest and greater cranial abnormalities.
Groundhogging is conducted between the 11th and the 13th week, and is obligatory and free for all young children.
If the fetus accumulates more fluids than normal, it indicates anomalies. Thickened brachial plexus may be primarily a sign of Down's syndrome, but may also indicate other chromosome aberrations, such as Turner's syndrome. In addition, without a chromosomal disorder, there may be a disturbance of the lymphatic circulation, resulting in the thickening of the magenta (cystic hygroma).
Fingerprinting is not completely reliable in itself. However, when combined with a blood test (integrated test), it detects the problem with up to 95% confidence.
If you want a hundred percent result, you can get it by chorionic lung test or amniocentesis. But these interventions have a single risk of miscarriage.

Second Trimester: 18-20. hйt

Genetic ultrasound screening is used to screen for some rare cases of abnormality. These include anencephaly (brain deficiency), abdominal abnormalities, open spine, kidney problems, and in some cases, hernia, and cardiovascular disorders.
If your doctor detects a problem, there are a number of possible remedies after your diagnosis.
There are differences that only require follow-up ultrasound examination (renal pelvic, brain ventricular, bladder).
Certain conditions can be improved by intrauterine treatment, at least until pregnancy, with the utmost safety in the uterus (treatment of intra-uterine malignancy with increased transfusion). These interventions can be performed repeatedly, of course, after careful consideration of the advantages and disadvantages. The decision is made by a group of medical professionals. There are also intra-uterine interventions. Occasionally, you may have a condition that is recognized in the uterus and, after careful monitoring, can be successfully followed after birth (some cardiac abnormalities, cerebral palsy, open spine, and open stomach).
Very rarely, severe changes that are incompatible with the life of the uterus occur, in which case (based on medical advice, but based on the parents' decision), termination of pregnancy is warranted.
What can you see then?
Details of internal organs can also be observed. Mostly, the doctor can tell the baby's gender.

Third trimester: 30-32 weeks

Earlier examinations may raise doubts about the condition of the fetus, and may require more ultrasound examinations.
Repeated checks are warranted if the size, position, blood circulation of the baby are uncertain, if the amount of amniotic fluid, the location of the butterfly, the maturity and the blood circulation are in question.
More frequent ultrasound check can be expected even if the mother has high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, vaginal bleeding, twins, or baby mobility.

4D UH - Lightweight ultrasound

The increasingly well-known and accepted 4D ultrasound examination allows the baby to be seen "alive" in a photographic manner. This examination is most often done by parents. For a 4D ultrasound, see Figure 24-32. week is best for you: you not only see a tiny, shapeless cauliflower out of the fetus, but the whole baby fits into the picture.
The method has first and foremost a "value", which of course is not negligible. Some people are starting to really bind this to the fetus. Termйszetesen szбmos (fetal йs lepйnyi) elvбltozбs mйrtйke, elhelyezkedйse, kiindulбsi point valу kцrnyezethez better relationship megнtйlhetх, нgy the gyermeksebйsz szбmбra kцnnyebben bemutathatуvб do some rendellenessйgeket (lip йs szбjpadhasadйk, koponyaыri cyst in the abdomen and spine zбrуdбsi rendellenessйgei esetйn).

Is ultrasound tired?

No, but the vaginal examination is not too comfortable and full of blistering is pretty awful - if you have to wait a lot.

Can my partner come in?

If the space is big enough, you can naturally have anyone you want your mother to know. The whole kinship does not fit in.

Does the baby have a baby?

There is no scientific evidence that it is harmful, but that it does not cause any harm in the long run. For this reason, international recommendations are recommended for diagnostic purposes only.

Do I get a copy, shot?

It is natural for a private customer to make a video or print image of the screen. There is not everywhere in the hospitals.

Kinga and the twins

We were really expecting a baby after her two sons, so after the positive test I wanted to go to my doctor right away, but she was on the go. no pregnancy and then come back in a week or two. I couldn't wait for my doctor to come back from vacation. And there the big hunr: Two are in there. I called my son immediately! One fetus is 11.7 millimeters, the other 9, but one egg is half the size of the other.
By week 13, we had to wait for another exam. So that we already knew both of them, we didn't want to lose either, but there was nothing we could do. We waited a week, went on with life, worked, and tried to get used to the idea that six would be gone.
And the big day is coming! We saw that they were both immersed in amniotic fluid at 49 and 55 millimeters.
At week 19, they had a "genetic" ultrasound scan and everything was fine.
And at week 20 we were saved for a three-dimensional ultrasound scan, where we had seen the little paws, even though we were moving so hard that we could not decide which one was right.
At that time, I switched to hospital because I was afraid of being premature or of low birth weight - in this case, it was better to have a clinic - and I did not want to avoid completely unknown conditions.
The twin pregnancies were not really treated specifically, and even fewer ultrasound examinations than I had counted were: one at 28 and the other at 32. In both cases, they monitored the small heart rate, the lying, the adhesion of the butterfly, the development of the baby and the amount of amniotic fluid. At week 28, one of the dolls was lying in the pool and the other was lying in the bed. We have also talked about birth here. The doctor said if she had to give birth now, she would be a cup, but let's wait. Then at week 36, the yews came, and by then they were both head-to-head, so there was no doubt that we were born naturally. I can say that this birth was one of the most beautiful memories of my life.
Rohrbцck Kinga (33)
Specialist: Dr. Bábinszky Бgota, specialist in maternity and nursing care
Related articles:
  • Is Ultrasound Dangerous?
  • Ultrasound examinations in 2, 3 and 4D
  • Are you ready for 4D or 5D ultrasound? Here are some helpful tips!

  • Comments:

    1. Hagos

      I will know, thanks a lot for the explanation.

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      Unambiguously, the ideal answer

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